Not many people have visited a podiatrist, but it’s a medical profession with so much value.
Podiatrists are medical professionals who diagnose and treat conditions of the foot and related structures of the leg. Podiatrists may further specialise in sports medicine or surgery, depending on their education and experience.
Podiatrists diagnose foot conditions through patient histories, clinical examinations, and sometimes X-ray and other imaging studies.
Podiatrists prescribe medications, recommend, provide insoles to correct foot problems, and educate their patients on avoiding future injuries. Treatments for foot conditions may include casting or splinting injured feet in plaster, removing bony growths (i.e., calluses), treating infected feet, softening corns and calluses with chemicals, cutting thick nails, administering feel injections of local anaesthetics, or performing surgery on foot.
Podiatrists often perform surgery for both trauma care and reconstruction purposes. Surgery procedures may include amputations, bunionectomy (i.e., surgical removal of bony growth on the side of the foot), and reconstructive surgeries.
Podiatrists with advanced training may also perform procedures such as arthroscopies, ligament reconstructions or other more complicated surgeries which involve reconstruction or replacement of tendons, joints, or bones. In addition to general podiatric surgeons, some podiatrists specialise in orthopaedics, performing surgery on the foot and ankle.
A podiatrist Adelaide is a primary care doctor for feet practicing medicine as a Doctor of Podiatric Medicine (DPM) who provides complete foot care from corns to bunions to ingrown nails, heel spurs and diabetic foot care. Physicians specialising in podiatry treat all foot and lower extremity conditions such as ankle injuries, diabetic foot problems, bunions, fractures, heel pain, and arthritis of the foot.
Podiatrists also provide preventative care, including routine vaccinations and physical examinations to help avoid serious illnesses. In addition, podiatrist Adelaide can prescribe custom-made orthotics to correct an abnormal gait or compensate for a foot deformity. Podiatrists also treat nail diseases, including fungus, infections, and ingrown nails.
Reasons to See a Podiatrist
- Foot and ankle pain: heel spurs, arch pain, sprains, and fractures
- Wounds that do not heal, such as foot ulcers or blisters
- Skin diseases; fungal infections such as athlete’s foot; parasitic infections such as scabies and Lyme disease, which a tick bite may transmit
- Neurological disorders such as diabetic neuropathy and fibromyalgia
- Treatments for foot and leg ulcers and wounds caused by diabetes or other health conditions
A podiatrist can specialise in surgery. Podiatrists specialise in surgery to treat foot and ankle problems such as bunions, hammertoes, fractures, and sports injuries that require advanced surgical procedures.
In Australia, podiatrists also complete a two-year master’s course that provides advanced training in almost all surgical procedures, including arthroscopic, trauma and reconstructive surgery. Podiatrists are the only health professionals trained to operate many of the instruments used during foot surgery.
Podiatrists are considered primary care physicians for feet who can provide treatments for problems related to your feet. Anyone with foot or ankle problems should see a podiatrist first.