Press "Enter" to skip to content

New depictions of ancient hominids aim to overcome artistic biases

[ad_1]

Depictions of extinct human ancestors and cousins are often more art than science.

Take, for example, two reconstructions of the Taung child, a 2.8-million-year-old Australopithecus africanus skull discovered in South Africa in 1924. One version, made using a sculptor’s intuition, appears more apelike. A second version, made while working alongside a scientist, appears more humanlike.

Now, the researchers that produced the dueling images are attempting to remove some of this subjectivity by introducing standards that may give more accurate and reproducible portraits of species known only from fossilized bone. The team points out some of the flaws in facial reconstructions of ancient hominids — and the social and ethical implications misleading portraits may have — in a report published February 26 in Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution.

side by side computer illustrations of a face and head
These two reconstructions of the Taung child depend on subjective decisions to make it appear more apelike (left) or humanlike (right).G. Vinas, R.M. Campbell, M. Henneberg and R. Diogo

Getting the depictions right matters, says Rui Diogo, a biological anthropologist at Howard University in Washington, D.C. When museumgoers see artists’ renditions of Neandertals or extinct hominids, visitors often don’t realize how much bias creeps into the work. “They think it is reality,” he says. And that can skew people’s views and reinforce existing prejudices of present-day people.

For instance, reconstructions of multiple extinct hominids in the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C., portray skin getting lighter and lighter in color as species became more and more bipedal. “But there is zero evidence to say the skin was whiter,” Diogo says. Such a depiction might give the mistaken impression that people with lighter skin are more evolved.

Artists’ depictions can also give erroneous views of human evolution and extinct species’ intelligence and behavior, says Diogo’s coauthor Ryan Campbell, an anatomical scientist and physical anthropologist at the University of Adelaide in Australia. For instance, Neandertals are often portrayed as having matted, dirty hair. “It’s as if there is a bias toward portraying our ancestors as if they were stupid and didn’t have hygiene,” he says.

But animals of all kinds groom themselves, and there is no reason to think that Neandertals or other extinct hominids were any different. In fact, presenting reconstructions without hair might be more accurate, says Campbell. Hair is usually not preserved in fossils and DNA data from bones may hint at hair color, but don’t reveal grooming habits. 

three views of a scan of a skull
Accurate artistic depictions of extinct hominids begin with precise scans of skeletal findings, such as this digital scan of a cast made from the original Taung child skull fossil.G. Vinas, R.M. Campbell, M. Henneberg and R. Diogo

“Reconstructing hair is not even informed speculation,” Campbell says. “It’s imaginary speculation.”

Scientists and artists often work together to produce reconstructions, but the choices they make may be driven more by whim than science, the researchers contend. By studying muscles in the great apes and other nonhuman primates, Diogo and colleagues have constructed reference databases that scientists might use in reconstructing faces from fossils. Even then, whether a sculptor chooses chimpanzee or human muscles as their starting point can produce very different outcomes.

“The reconstructions of the past, most of them did not have a scientific basis,” Diogo says. “Our goal is to change the methods and to change the biases” to give a more accurate view of human evolution.

[ad_2]

Source link

https://www.srsfitness.co.uk/profile/daftar-slot-gacor-online-gampang-menang-2022/profile

https://www.h-earth.com/profile/daftar-slot-gacor-online-gampang-menang-2022/profile

https://www.ibiiworld.com/profile/daftar-slot-gacor-online-gampang-menang-2022/profile

https://www.theworldismycountry.com/profile/daftar-slot-gacor-online-gampang-menang-2022/profile

https://ja.drchealthcare.co.kr/profile/daftar-slot-gacor-online-gampang-menang-2022/profile

https://www.intimate-breath.com/profile/sbobet/profile

https://www.thebananawarrior.com/profile/sbobet/profile

https://en.goldenmagics.com/profile/sbobet/profile

https://www.hchabitation.com/profile/sbobet/profile

https://www.tarbeatydesign.com/profile/sbobet/profile

https://www.srsfitness.co.uk/profile/situs-judi-slot-gacor-terbaik-dan-terpercaya/profile

https://www.h-earth.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-gacor-terbaik-dan-terpercaya/profile

https://www.ibiiworld.com/profile/daftar-situs-judi-slot-gacor-terbaik-dan-terpercaya/profile

https://www.theworldismycountry.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-gacor-terbaik-dan-terpercaya/profile

https://ja.drchealthcare.co.kr/profile/situs-judi-slot-gacor-terbaik-dan-terpercaya/profile

https://www.intimate-breath.com/profile/nama-situs-slot-gacor/profile

https://www.thebananawarrior.com/profile/nama-situs-slot-gacor/profile

https://en.goldenmagics.com/profile/nama-situs-slot-gacor/profile

https://www.hchabitation.com/profile/nama-situs-slot-gacor/profile

https://www.tarbeatydesign.com/profile/nama-situs-slot-gacor/profile

https://www.srsfitness.co.uk/profile/slot-gacor-hari-ini-mudah-menang/profile

https://www.h-earth.com/profile/slot-gacor-hari-ini-mudah-menang/profile

https://www.ibiiworld.com/profile/slot-gacor-hari-ini-mudah-menang/profile

https://www.theworldismycountry.com/profile/slot-gacor-hari-ini-mudah-menang/profile

https://ja.drchealthcare.co.kr/profile/slot-gacor-hari-ini-mudah-menang/profile

https://www.intimate-breath.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.thebananawarrior.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://en.goldenmagics.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.hchabitation.com/profile/situs-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.tarbeatydesign.com/profile/10-situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.srsfitness.co.uk/profile/situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-2022/profile

https://www.h-earth.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-2022/profile

https://www.ibiiworld.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-2022/profile

https://www.theworldismycountry.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-2022/profile

https://ja.drchealthcare.co.kr/profile/situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya/profile

https://www.intimate-breath.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-gampang-menang-jackpot/profile

https://www.thebananawarrior.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-gampang-menang-jackpot/profile

https://en.goldenmagics.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-gampang-menang-jackpot/profile

https://www.hchabitation.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-gampang-menang-jackpot/profile

https://www.tarbeatydesign.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-gampang-menang-jackpot/profile

Situs Slot Gacor

Situs Slot Gacor

Situs Slot Gacor

Situs Slot Gacor

https://www.cycleofheart.com/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.gracefullymindful.org/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.bpncchicago.org/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.opendoorcurriculum.com/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.livinglifewithjen.com/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.elfloquet.com/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.nicadrawsnature.com/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.myflashideas.com.ar/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.pierre-flore-immobilier.com/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.thorburnlawgroup.com/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.cycleofheart.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-gampang-menang-terpercaya/profile

https://www.gracefullymindful.org/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-gampang-menang-terpercaya/profile

https://www.bpncchicago.org/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-gampang-menang-terpercaya/profile

https://www.opendoorcurriculum.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-gampang-menang-terpercaya/profile

https://www.livinglifewithjen.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-gampang-menang-terpercaya/profile

https://www.elfloquet.com/profile/slot-gacor-online-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.nicadrawsnature.com/profile/slot-gacor-online-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.myflashideas.com.ar/profile/slot-gacor-online-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.pierre-flore-immobilier.com/profile/slot-gacor-online-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.thorburnlawgroup.com/profile/slot-gacor-online-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.cycleofheart.com/profile/judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.gracefullymindful.org/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.bpncchicago.org/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.opendoorcurriculum.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.livinglifewithjen.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.elfloquet.com/profile/slot-online-gampang-menang-jackpot/profile

https://www.nicadrawsnature.com/profile/slot-online-gampang-menang-jackpot/profile

https://www.myflashideas.com.ar/profile/slot-online-gampang-menang-jackpot/profile

https://www.pierre-flore-immobilier.com/profile/slot-online-gampang-menang-jackpot/profile

https://www.thorburnlawgroup.com/profile/slot-online-gampang-menang-jackpot/profile

https://www.cycleofheart.com/profile/sbobet/profile

https://www.gracefullymindful.org/profile/sbobet/profile

https://www.bpncchicago.org/profile/sbobet/profile

https://www.opendoorcurriculum.com/profile/sbobet/profile

https://www.livinglifewithjen.com/profile/sbobet/profile

https://www.elfloquet.com/profile/maxbet/profile

https://www.nicadrawsnature.com/profile/maxbet/profile

https://www.myflashideas.com.ar/profile/maxbet/profile

https://www.pierre-flore-immobilier.com/profile/maxbet/profile

https://www.thorburnlawgroup.com/profile/maxbet/profile

https://www.srsfitness.co.uk/profile/daftar-slot-gacor-online-gampang-menang-2022/profile

https://www.h-earth.com/profile/daftar-slot-gacor-online-gampang-menang-2022/profile

https://www.ibiiworld.com/profile/daftar-slot-gacor-online-gampang-menang-2022/profile

https://www.theworldismycountry.com/profile/daftar-slot-gacor-online-gampang-menang-2022/profile

https://ja.drchealthcare.co.kr/profile/daftar-slot-gacor-online-gampang-menang-2022/profile

https://www.intimate-breath.com/profile/sbobet/profile

https://www.thebananawarrior.com/profile/sbobet/profile

https://en.goldenmagics.com/profile/sbobet/profile

https://www.hchabitation.com/profile/sbobet/profile

https://www.tarbeatydesign.com/profile/sbobet/profile

https://www.srsfitness.co.uk/profile/situs-judi-slot-gacor-terbaik-dan-terpercaya/profile

https://www.h-earth.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-gacor-terbaik-dan-terpercaya/profile

https://www.ibiiworld.com/profile/daftar-situs-judi-slot-gacor-terbaik-dan-terpercaya/profile

https://www.theworldismycountry.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-gacor-terbaik-dan-terpercaya/profile

https://ja.drchealthcare.co.kr/profile/situs-judi-slot-gacor-terbaik-dan-terpercaya/profile

https://www.intimate-breath.com/profile/nama-situs-slot-gacor/profile

https://www.thebananawarrior.com/profile/nama-situs-slot-gacor/profile

https://en.goldenmagics.com/profile/nama-situs-slot-gacor/profile

https://www.hchabitation.com/profile/nama-situs-slot-gacor/profile

https://www.tarbeatydesign.com/profile/nama-situs-slot-gacor/profile

https://www.srsfitness.co.uk/profile/slot-gacor-hari-ini-mudah-menang/profile

https://www.h-earth.com/profile/slot-gacor-hari-ini-mudah-menang/profile

https://www.ibiiworld.com/profile/slot-gacor-hari-ini-mudah-menang/profile

https://www.theworldismycountry.com/profile/slot-gacor-hari-ini-mudah-menang/profile

https://ja.drchealthcare.co.kr/profile/slot-gacor-hari-ini-mudah-menang/profile

https://www.intimate-breath.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.thebananawarrior.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://en.goldenmagics.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.hchabitation.com/profile/situs-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.tarbeatydesign.com/profile/10-situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.srsfitness.co.uk/profile/situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-2022/profile

https://www.h-earth.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-2022/profile

https://www.ibiiworld.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-2022/profile

https://www.theworldismycountry.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-2022/profile

https://ja.drchealthcare.co.kr/profile/situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya/profile

https://www.intimate-breath.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-gampang-menang-jackpot/profile

https://www.thebananawarrior.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-gampang-menang-jackpot/profile

https://en.goldenmagics.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-gampang-menang-jackpot/profile

https://www.hchabitation.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-gampang-menang-jackpot/profile

https://www.tarbeatydesign.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-gampang-menang-jackpot/profile

slot gacor

slot gacor

slot gacor

slot gacor

https://www.sengifted.org/profile/slot-gacor-2022-bonus-new-member/profile

https://www.koreanstudyjunkie.com/profile/slot-gacor-2022-bonus-new-member/profile

https://www.ccld.ie/profile/slot-gacor-2022-bonus-new-member/profile

https://www.ferme-de-bude.ch/profile/slot-gacor-2022-bonus-new-member/profile

https://www.rojos.com/profile/slot-gacor-2022-bonus-new-member/profile

https://www.africamattersinitiative.com/profile/slot-online-gacor-bonus-new-member/profile

https://www.init-to-winit.com/profile/slot-online-gacor-bonus-new-member/profile

https://www.wdaly.com/profile/slot-online-gacor-bonus-new-member/profile

https://www.prestigecallctr.com/profile/slot-online-gacor-bonus-new-member/profile

https://www.bharatiya-temple.org/profile/link-judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.sengifted.org/profile/maxbet/profile

https://www.koreanstudyjunkie.com/profile/maxbet/profile

https://www.ccld.ie/profile/maxbet/profile

https://www.ferme-de-bude.ch/profile/maxbet/profile

https://www.rojos.com/profile/maxbet/profile

https://www.africamattersinitiative.com/profile/maxbet/profile

https://www.init-to-winit.com/profile/maxbet/profile

https://www.wdaly.com/profile/maxbet/profile

https://www.prestigecallctr.com/profile/maxbet/profile

https://www.bharatiya-temple.org/profile/link-judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.sengifted.org/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.koreanstudyjunkie.com/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.ccld.ie/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.ferme-de-bude.ch/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.rojos.com/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.africamattersinitiative.com/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.init-to-winit.com/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.wdaly.com/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.prestigecallctr.com/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.bharatiya-temple.org/profile/link-judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.sengifted.org/profile/daftar-slot-gacor-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.koreanstudyjunkie.com/profile/daftar-slot-gacor-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.ccld.ie/profile/daftar-slot-gacor-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.ferme-de-bude.ch/profile/daftar-slot-gacor-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.rojos.com/profile/daftar-slot-gacor-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.africamattersinitiative.com/profile/slot-gacor-online-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.init-to-winit.com/profile/slot-gacor-online-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.wdaly.com/profile/slot-gacor-online-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.prestigecallctr.com/profile/slot-gacor-online-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.bharatiya-temple.org/profile/link-judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

situs judi slot bonus new member 100

slot online jackpot terbesar

situs judi slot terbaik dan terpercay

sbobet

sbobet

https://www.centremargueritedubois.com/profile/daftar-situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.cnmstories.org/profile/daftar-situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.janfrancistravel.com/profile/daftar-situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://en.thelionstrade.fr/profile/daftar-situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.hairbysheree.com/profile/daftar-situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.t-oji.tokyo/profile/situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.ufstockholm.com/profile/daftar-situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.nantucketcreativereuse.com/profile/daftar-situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.harvey-farms.net/profile/daftar-situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://es.fairlshtm.com/profile/daftar-situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.centremargueritedubois.com/profile/slot-gacor-terpercaya-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.cnmstories.org/profile/slot-gacor-terpercaya-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.janfrancistravel.com/profile/slot-gacor-terpercaya-gampang-menang/profile

https://en.thelionstrade.fr/profile/slot-gacor-terpercaya-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.hairbysheree.com/profile/slot-gacor-terpercaya-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.t-oji.tokyo/profile/nama-nama-daftar-slot-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.ufstockholm.com/profile/nama-nama-daftar-slot-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.nantucketcreativereuse.com/profile/nama-nama-daftar-slot-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.harvey-farms.net/profile/nama-nama-daftar-slot-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://es.fairlshtm.com/profile/nama-nama-daftar-slot-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.centremargueritedubois.com/profile/agen-judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.cnmstories.org/profile/agen-judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.janfrancistravel.com/profile/agen-judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://en.thelionstrade.fr/profile/agen-judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.hairbysheree.com/profile/agen-judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.t-oji.tokyo/profile/casino-online/profile

https://www.ufstockholm.com/profile/casino-online/profile

https://www.nantucketcreativereuse.com/profile/casino-online/profile

https://www.harvey-farms.net/profile/casino-online/profile

https://es.fairlshtm.com/profile/casino-online/profile

https://www.centremargueritedubois.com/profile/sbobet/profile

https://www.cnmstories.org/profile/sbobet/profile

https://www.janfrancistravel.com/profile/sbobet/profile

https://en.thelionstrade.fr/profile/sbobet/profile

https://www.hairbysheree.com/profile/sbobet/profile

https://www.t-oji.tokyo/profile/judi-bola-terpercaya/profile

https://www.ufstockholm.com/profile/judi-bola-terpercaya/profile

https://www.nantucketcreativereuse.com/profile/judi-bola-terpercaya/profile

https://www.harvey-farms.net/profile/judi-bola-terpercaya/profile

https://es.fairlshtm.com/profile/judi-bola-terpercaya/profile

poker online

slot gacor

slot gacor

slot gacor

https://www.themeadowsgolfcourse.org/profile/slot-gacor-bonus-new-member/profile

https://www.neoli.in/profile/slot-gacor-bonus-new-member/profile

https://www.speechpathwaysllc.com/profile/slot-gacor-bonus-new-member/profile

https://www.dunelondon.mt/profile/slot-gacor-bonus-new-member/profile

https://www.glamourmakeup.nl/profile/slot-gacor-bonus-new-member/profile

https://www.coastcommunity.church/profile/slot-online-bonus-new-member-150/profile

https://www.ffc.church/profile/slot-online-bonus-new-member-150/profile

https://www.livingalegacy.church/profile/slot-online-bonus-new-member-150/profile

https://www.prosperwaco.org/profile/slot-online-bonus-new-member-150/profile

https://www.nffnformatura.com/profile/slot-online-bonus-new-member-150/profile

https://www.themeadowsgolfcourse.org/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.neoli.in/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.speechpathwaysllc.com/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.dunelondon.mt/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.glamourmakeup.nl/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.coastcommunity.church/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.ffc.church/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.livingalegacy.church/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.prosperwaco.org/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.nffnformatura.com/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.themeadowsgolfcourse.org/profile/slot-gacor-online-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.neoli.in/profile/slot-gacor-online-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.speechpathwaysllc.com/profile/slot-gacor-online-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.dunelondon.mt/profile/slot-gacor-online-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.glamourmakeup.nl/profile/slot-gacor-online-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.coastcommunity.church/profile/slot-gacor-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.ffc.church/profile/link-slot-gacor-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.livingalegacy.church/profile/slot-gacor-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.prosperwaco.org/profile/link-slot-gacor-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.nffnformatura.com/profile/link-slot-gacor-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.themeadowsgolfcourse.org/profile/judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.neoli.in/profile/judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.speechpathwaysllc.com/profile/judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.dunelondon.mt/profile/judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.glamourmakeup.nl/profile/judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.coastcommunity.church/profile/judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.ffc.church/profile/judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.livingalegacy.church/profile/judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.prosperwaco.org/profile/judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.nffnformatura.com/profile/judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://fingerfitnesspro.it/community/profile/slot-gacor/

https://fingerfitnesspro.it/community/profile/situs-slot-gacor/

https://fingerfitnesspro.it/community/profile/10-situs-judi-slot-online-terpercaya-2022/

https://fingerfitnesspro.it/community/profile/judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/

https://fingerfitnesspro.it/community/profile/10-situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-2022/

https://fingerfitnesspro.it/community/profile/10-situs-judi-slot-online-gampang-menang-2022/

https://fingerfitnesspro.it/community/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-terpercaya-2022/

https://fingerfitnesspro.it/community/profile/situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-2022/

https://fingerfitnesspro.it/community/profile/daftar-bo-slot-gacor-mudah-menang/

https://fingerfitnesspro.it/community/profile/situs-slot-online-gacor-mudah-menang-2022/

https://www.juheinakarina.com/profile/daftar-situs-judi-slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya/profile

https://www.wedodigital.ca/profile/daftar-situs-judi-slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya/profile

https://www.affordablecleaningtn.com/profile/daftar-situs-judi-slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya/profile

https://www.barkranger.net/profile/daftar-situs-judi-slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya/profile

https://www.pmandover.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya/profile

https://www.thrive-wellbeing.org/profile/situs-judi-slot-gacor-terbaik-dan-terpercaya/profile

https://www.bellavistacamping.co.uk/profile/situs-judi-slot-gacor-terbaik-dan-terpercaya/profile

https://www.indianmehfil.co.uk/profile/situs-judi-slot-gacor-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-2022/profile

https://www.santacasacm.com.br/profile/situs-judi-slot-gacor-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-2022/profile

https://www.manhattanmandarin.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-gacor-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-2022/profile

https://www.juheinakarina.com/profile/agen-judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.wedodigital.ca/profile/agen-judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.affordablecleaningtn.com/profile/agen-judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.barkranger.net/profile/agen-judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.pmandover.com/profile/agen-judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.thrive-wellbeing.org/profile/slot-gacor-terpercaya-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.bellavistacamping.co.uk/profile/slot-gacor-terpercaya-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.indianmehfil.co.uk/profile/slot-gacor-terpercaya-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.santacasacm.com.br/profile/slot-gacor-terpercaya-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.manhattanmandarin.com/profile/slot-gacor-terpercaya-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.juheinakarina.com/profile/slot-bonus-new-member-100/profile

https://www.wedodigital.ca/profile/slot-bonus-new-member-100/profile

https://www.affordablecleaningtn.com/profile/slot-bonus-new-member-100/profile

https://www.barkranger.net/profile/slot-bonus-new-member-100/profile

https://www.pmandover.com/profile/slot-bonus-new-member-100-di-awal-depan-to-4x/profile

https://www.dailymeggadealz.com/slot-online/

https://hanffreunde-braunschweig.de/slot-gacor/

https://issuetracker.google.com/issues/251071335

https://issuetracker.google.com/issues/251074500

https://issuetracker.google.com/issues/251079205

https://hadielectronics.com.pk/wp-includes/slot-gacor/

https://www.emporiodellespezie.it/slot-gacor/

https://www.14cannons.com/profile/slot-gacor-maxwin/profile

https://www.skerriesharps.com/profile/slot-gacor-maxwin/profile

https://www.antartproductions.com/profile/slot-gacor-maxwin/profile

https://www.seoulelegant.com/profile/slot-gacor-maxwin/profile

https://www.williansoares.com/profile/slot-gacor-maxwin/profile

https://www.leisahart.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-gacor-terbaik/profile

https://www.p2peval.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-gacor-terbaik/profile

https://de.foreveramber.net/profile/situs-judi-slot-gacor-terbaik/profile

https://www.centremargueritedubois.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-gacor-terbaik/profile

https://new.c.mi.com/ph/post/68971

https://www.14cannons.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.skerriesharps.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.antartproductions.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.seoulelegant.com/profile/daftar-situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.williansoares.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya/profile

https://www.leisahart.com/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.p2peval.com/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://de.foreveramber.net/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.centremargueritedubois.com/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://issuetracker.google.com/u/2/issues/251106825

https://www.14cannons.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.skerriesharps.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.antartproductions.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.seoulelegant.com/profile/link-situs-judi-slot-online-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.williansoares.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.leisahart.com/profile/slot-gacor-online-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.p2peval.com/profile/slot-gacor-online-gampang-menang/profile

https://de.foreveramber.net/profile/slot-gacor-online-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.centremargueritedubois.com/profile/slot-gacor-online-gampang-menang/profile

https://issuetracker.google.com/u/2/issues/251107165

https://www.14cannons.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.skerriesharps.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.antartproductions.com/profile/17-situs-judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.seoulelegant.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.williansoares.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.leisahart.com/profile/slot-gacor-2022-bonus-new-member/profile

https://www.p2peval.com/profile/slot-gacor-2022-bonus-new-member/profile

https://de.foreveramber.net/profile/slot-gacor-2022-bonus-new-member/profile

https://www.centremargueritedubois.com/profile/slot-gacor-2022-bonus-new-member/profile

https://issuetracker.google.com/u/2/issues/251107755

https://www.connickschool.com/profile/poker-online/profile

https://www.speechpathwaysllc.com/profile/situs-poker-online/profile

https://www.dunelondon.mt/profile/poker-online/profile

https://www.pjparkinsons.org/profile/poker-online/profile

https://www.friendlytherapy.info/profile/poker-online/profile

https://www.joemineocreative.com/profile/kumpulan-daftar-10-situs-judi-idn-poker-online-2022/profile

https://www.tranquillakeyoga.com/profile/kumpulan-daftar-10-situs-judi-idn-poker-online-2022/profile

https://www.carportsnsheds.com/profile/kumpulan-daftar-10-situs-judi-idn-poker-online-2022/profile

https://www.gaminginthecloudz.com/profile/kumpulan-daftar-10-situs-judi-idn-poker-online-2022/profile

https://www.pelakids.com/profile/kumpulan-daftar-10-situs-judi-idn-poker-online-2022/profile

https://www.connickschool.com/profile/situs-judi-online-resmi/profile

https://www.speechpathwaysllc.com/profile/situs-judi-online-resmi/profile

https://www.dunelondon.mt/profile/situs-judi-online-resmi/profile

https://www.pjparkinsons.org/profile/situs-judi-online-resmi/profile

https://www.friendlytherapy.info/profile/situs-judi-online-resmi/profile

https://www.joemineocreative.com/profile/casino-online/profile

https://www.tranquillakeyoga.com/profile/casino-online/profile

https://www.carportsnsheds.com/profile/casino-online/profile

https://www.gaminginthecloudz.com/profile/casino-online/profile

https://www.pelakids.com/profile/casino-online/profile

https://www.connickschool.com/profile/daftar-main-sbobet/profile

https://www.speechpathwaysllc.com/profile/daftar-main-sbobet/profile

https://www.dunelondon.mt/profile/daftar-main-sbobet/profile

https://www.pjparkinsons.org/profile/daftar-main-sbobet/profile

https://www.friendlytherapy.info/profile/daftar-main-sbobet/profile

https://www.joemineocreative.com/profile/daftar-sbobet-online-terpercaya/profile

https://www.tranquillakeyoga.com/profile/daftar-sbobet-online-terpercaya/profile

https://www.carportsnsheds.com/profile/daftar-sbobet-online-terpercaya/profile

https://www.gaminginthecloudz.com/profile/daftar-sbobet-online-terpercaya/profile

https://www.pelakids.com/profile/daftar-sbobet-online-terpercaya/profile

https://new.c.mi.com/ph/post/70829/Daftar_10_Situs_Judi_Slot_Terbaik_Dan_Terpercaya_N

https://new.c.mi.com/ph/post/70834/Daftar_10_Situs_Judi_Slot_Online_Gampang_Menang_Te

https://new.c.mi.com/ph/post/69773/11_Nama_Nama_Situs_Judi_Slot_Online_Jackpot_Terbes

https://new.c.mi.com/ph/post/70854/Slot_Gacor_Bocoran_Situs_Slot_Gacor_Malam_Hari_Ini

https://new.c.mi.com/ph/post/71185/SBOBET_SITUS_AGEN_JUDI_BOLA_ONLINE_RESMI_TARUHAN_M

https://new.c.mi.com/rs/post/10691/18_NAMA_NAMA_SITUS_JUDI_SLOT_ONLINE_JACKPOT_TERBES

https://new.c.mi.com/rs/post/10696/Daftar_Situs_Slot_Gacor_Gampang_Menang_Jackpot_Har

https://new.c.mi.com/rs/post/10833/18_Daftar_Slot_Gacor_Gampang_Menang_Jackpot_Hari_I

https://new.c.mi.com/rs/post/10838/Daftar_10_Situs_Judi_Slot_Paling_Gacor_Gampang_Men

https://new.c.mi.com/rs/post/10785/IDN_Poker__Daftar_Situs_Judi_Poker_Online_Terperca

https://lacosto.com/slot-gacor/

https://gpl.yogamrita.info/slot-online/

https://streamcolors.com/hd/slot-online/

https://artisansinbrass.com/wp-includes/slot-gacor/

https://www.cnmstories.org/profile/judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.janfrancistravel.com/profile/judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://en.thelionstrade.fr/profile/10-judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.hairbysheree.com/profile/10-judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.t-oji.tokyo/profile/judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.ufstockholm.com/profile/judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.nantucketcreativereuse.com/profile/judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.harvey-farms.net/profile/judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://es.fairlshtm.com/profile/judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.wedodigital.ca/profile/daftar-judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.cnmstories.org/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.janfrancistravel.com/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://en.thelionstrade.fr/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.hairbysheree.com/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.t-oji.tokyo/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.ufstockholm.com/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.nantucketcreativereuse.com/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.harvey-farms.net/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://es.fairlshtm.com/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.wedodigital.ca/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.cnmstories.org/profile/slot-gacor-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.janfrancistravel.com/profile/slot-gacor-gampang-menang/profile

https://en.thelionstrade.fr/profile/slot-gacor-gampang-menang-jackpot/profile

https://www.hairbysheree.com/profile/slot-gacor-gampang-menang-jackpot/profile

https://www.t-oji.tokyo/profile/slot-gacor-gampang-menang-jackpot/profile

https://www.ufstockholm.com/profile/slot-gacor-online-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.nantucketcreativereuse.com/profile/slot-gacor-online-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.harvey-farms.net/profile/slot-gacor-online-gampang-menang/profile

https://es.fairlshtm.com/profile/slot-gacor-online-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.wedodigital.ca/profile/slot-gacor-online-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.cnmstories.org/profile/maxbet/profile

https://www.janfrancistravel.com/profile/maxbet/profile

https://en.thelionstrade.fr/profile/maxbet/profile

https://www.hairbysheree.com/profile/maxbet/profile

https://www.t-oji.tokyo/profile/maxbet/profile

https://www.ufstockholm.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.nantucketcreativereuse.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.harvey-farms.net/profile/judi-slot-online-gampang-menang/profile

https://es.fairlshtm.com/profile/judi-slot-online-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.wedodigital.ca/profile/judi-slot-online-gampang-menang/profile

situs judi slot bonus new member 100

slot online jackpot terbesar

situs judi slot terbaik dan terpercaya

sbobet

sbobet

https://ncof.tv/slot-gacor/

https://www.sacredearthmusic.com/profile/judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

sbobet

https://www.booklogicblog.com/profile/situs-slot-gacor-terbaik-dan-terpercaya/profile

https://en.centro-terapeutico-leiria.com/profile/situs-slot-gacor-terbaik-dan-terpercaya/profile

https://www.jewelleryhut.in/profile/situs-slot-gacor-terbaik-dan-terpercaya/profile

https://www.pathsi.org/profile/situs-slot-gacor-terbaik-dan-terpercaya/profile

https://www.neolithic-game.com/profile/situs-slot-gacor-terbaik-dan-terpercaya/profile

https://www.drapsound.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya/profile

https://www.jonathanantonioedelman.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya/profile

https://www.jimmicampkinphotography.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya/profile

https://www.jacknovicio.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya/profile

https://www.weiss.ge/profile/situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya/profile

https://www.booklogicblog.com/profile/slot-online-gampang-menang-jackpot/profile

https://en.centro-terapeutico-leiria.com/profile/slot-online-gampang-menang-jackpot/profile

https://www.jewelleryhut.in/profile/slot-online-gampang-menang-jackpot/profile

https://www.pathsi.org/profile/slot-online-gampang-menang-jackpot/profile

https://www.neolithic-game.com/profile/situs-slot-online-gampang-menang-jackpot/profile

https://www.jonathanantonioedelman.com/profile/slot-online-paling-gacor-mudah-menang/profile

https://www.jacknovicio.com/profile/slot-online-paling-gacor-mudah-menang/profile

https://www.weiss.ge/profile/slot-online-paling-gacor-mudah-menang/profile

https://www.drapsound.com/profile/slot-online-paling-gacor-mudah-menang/profile

https://www.jimmicampkinphotography.com/profile/slot-online-paling-gacor-mudah-menang/profile

https://www.booklogicblog.com/profile/judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://en.centro-terapeutico-leiria.com/profile/judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.jewelleryhut.in/profile/judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.pathsi.org/profile/judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.neolithic-game.com/profile/judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://new.c.mi.com/ph/post/71693/Daftar_Situs_Judi_Slot_Online_Terbaik_dan_Terperca

https://new.c.mi.com/ph/post/72764/Daftar_10_Situs_Judi_Slot_Online_Gampang_Menang_20

https://new.c.mi.com/ph/post/72769/DAFTAR_17_SITUS_JUDI_SLOT_ONLINE_JACKPOT_TERBESAR_

https://new.c.mi.com/ph/post/71698/Daftar_Terbaru_Bocoran_12_Situs_Judi_Slot_Gacor_Ga

https://new.c.mi.com/ph/post/72774/20_Daftar_Link_Slot_Online_Gacor_Terbaru_2022_Muda

https://new.c.mi.com/ph/post/72885/SLOT_BONUS_NEW_MEMBER_100_DI_AWAL_Depan_TO_4X_DEPO

https://new.c.mi.com/ph/post/71703/DAFTAR_SITUS_SLOT_TERBARU_BONUS_NEW_MEMBER_DEPO_50

https://new.c.mi.com/ph/post/72784/Pragmatic__Kumpulan_Daftar_Situs_BO_Slot_Gacor_Gam

https://new.c.mi.com/ph/post/72876/ION_CASINO__CASINO_ONLINE_DAFTAR_SITUS_AGEN_JUDI_L

https://new.c.mi.com/ph/post/72779/SITUS_JUDI_CASINO_ONLINE_PALING_GACOR__JUDI_CASINO

https://new.c.mi.com/rs/post/10893/Daftar_Situs_Slot_Gacor_Maxwin_Terbaik_2022

https://new.c.mi.com/rs/post/10809/Nama_Situs_Slot_Gacor__Info_Slot_Gacor_Maxwin__Slo

https://new.c.mi.com/rs/post/10741/Top_10_Situs_Slot_Gacor_Terbaik_Gampang_Menang_202

https://new.c.mi.com/rs/post/10830/PG_SOFT__DAFTAR_10_SITUS_BOCORAN_JUDI_SLOT_ONLINE_

https://new.c.mi.com/rs/post/10814/IDN_POKER__Daftar_Situs_Agen_Judi_Poker_Online_IDN

https://portsmouthnewstoday.com/slot-gacor

https://oscareventshouse.uk/slot-gacor/

https://kitchenwaresreview.com/situs-judi-slot-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/

https://tridenttherapy.com/slot-gacor/

https://www.affordablecleaningtn.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.barkranger.net/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.pmandover.com/profile/10-situs-judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://en.kidsdelitokyo.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.thrive-wellbeing.org/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.bellavistacamping.co.uk/profile/judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.indianmehfil.co.uk/profile/daftar-judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.gtmag.co.za/profile/daftar-judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.santacasacm.com.br/profile/judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.manhattanmandarin.com/profile/judi-slot-online-jackpot-terbesar/profile

https://www.affordablecleaningtn.com/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.barkranger.net/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.pmandover.com/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://en.kidsdelitokyo.com/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.thrive-wellbeing.org/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.bellavistacamping.co.uk/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.indianmehfil.co.uk/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.gtmag.co.za/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.santacasacm.com.br/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.manhattanmandarin.com/profile/slot-online-terbaik-dan-terpercaya-no-1/profile

https://www.affordablecleaningtn.com/profile/slot-gacor-maxwin/profile

https://www.barkranger.net/profile/situs-slot-gacor-maxwin/profile

https://www.pmandover.com/profile/situs-slot-gacor-maxwin-terbaru/profile

https://en.kidsdelitokyo.com/profile/slot-gacor-maxwin/profile

https://www.thrive-wellbeing.org/profile/slot-gacor-maxwin/profile

https://www.bellavistacamping.co.uk/profile/slot-gacor/profile

https://www.indianmehfil.co.uk/profile/slot-gacor-online-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.gtmag.co.za/profile/slot-gacor-online-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.santacasacm.com.br/profile/slot-gacor/profile

https://www.manhattanmandarin.com/profile/slot-gacor/profile

https://www.affordablecleaningtn.com/profile/link-slot-gacor/profile

https://www.barkranger.net/profile/link-slot-gacor/profile

https://www.pmandover.com/profile/link-slot-gacor-terbaru-2022/profile

https://en.kidsdelitokyo.com/profile/link-slot-gacor/profile

https://www.thrive-wellbeing.org/profile/link-slot-gacor/profile

https://www.bellavistacamping.co.uk/profile/slot-online-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.indianmehfil.co.uk/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-gampang-menang-terpercaya/profile

https://www.gtmag.co.za/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.santacasacm.com.br/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-gampang-menang/profile

https://www.manhattanmandarin.com/profile/situs-judi-slot-online-gampang-menang/profile